Research on Women and Girls in Cross-Border Conflict Contexts

Deadline: 13th September 2023 | Research on Women and Girls in Cross-Border Conflict Contexts

Research ideas that study the intersections between women and girls and other identity markers, such as youth, sexuality, disability, ethnicity, and religion, are encouraged by the Research on Women and Girls in Cross-Border Conflict Contexts (XCEPT).

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Research on Women and Girls in Cross-Border Conflict Contexts gender issues should be incorporated throughout the whole study cycle, from research design to data collecting, analysis, and application of findings.

The Cross-border Conflict Evidence, Policy and Trends (XCEPT) research programme, which is supported by UK aid, looks at the connections between violent conflicts across borders. Conflicts are seen by XCEPT as complex systems that connect across international boundaries, trap conflict actors and communities, and entangle the legal and illegal, formal and informal.

Research on women and girls that can address the following concerns is of special interest to XCEPT, building on the UK Women, Peace and Security National Action Plan 2023–2027:

  • Women’s leadership, representation, and meaningful participation in decision-making processes in order to prevent, lessen, and resolve conflict;
  • Preventing, curtailing, or responding to situations of cross-border conflict that involve gender-based violence;
  • The part played by women and girls in the institutions and organisations that plan, carry out, check on, and assess life-saving humanitarian interventions in situations of international war;
  • The degree to which security actors, institutions, and systems are responsible to, and sensitive to, the needs and rights of, women and girls in situations of international conflict;
  • How gender influences transnational dangers like terrorism and violent extremism, climate change, the spread of weaponry, and cybersecurity risks, as well as the gendered effects of policies intended to address these threats.

Work’s scope

  • This funding opportunity seeks studies that investigate the relationship between challenges affecting women and girls and the transnational elements of conflict. Applicants are encouraged to develop a research question or questions and a proposal in response to the data presented in this paper.


  • Can be used by both individual researchers and research bodies.
  • Candidates may reply to these subjects or propose their own.
  • The transnational elements of conflict and women and girls
  • How the transnational aspects of conflict affect women and girls.
  • Women’s participation in violent wars as active participants and the global networks that support them.
  • How conflict and conflict causes affect or result in changes in gender norms.
  • border security’s effects on women and girls.
  • The repercussions of gender-based violence (GBV), including sexual assault in the context of armed conflict, as a result of or as a cause of conflict.
  • Programming and strategy that prioritises inclusion
  • The relationship between the transnational dimensions of conflict and the worldwide Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. The WPS agenda’s achievements and shortcomings in situations where violence occurs along borders.
  • How gender influences issues encountered by migrant communities or host communities affected by violent conflict, as well as efforts to support these people.
  • Dispute settlement and peacemaking
  • The ways that conflict response initiatives can actively combat the way that issues affecting women and girls intersect with conflict.
  • The methods used to include or exclude women and girls from systems for resolving international disputes.
  • The accessibility of peacebuilding dialogues to groups affected by conflict in border regions or individuals who have crossed borders, as well as how those who create dialogues might seek to include excluded communities.
  • The effects on women and girls of regional conflict resolution initiatives.

Financial Details

  • Awards are anticipated to range from £10 000 to $35 000. The sum granted will be in line with the proposed research, accounting for cost factors like travel, gathering data in the field, using cutting-edge technology, etc.


  • A manuscript that has been prepared for publication in a peer-reviewed journal will be the primary research outcome. As necessary, XCEPT will also take into account suggestions for peer-reviewed research papers targeted at a policy and expert audience, which would then be published by the XCEPT programme. A policy-focused product, such as a summary briefing note or a presentation to policy audiences, should be included in every project. They ought to include contain products meant for a larger audience, such commentaries, blogs, podcasts, or videos.
  • The tasks/deliverables specified are the absolute minimum that the chosen candidates will do. Applicants are free to include extra outputs in their proposal.
  • Participate in a kick-off meeting to discuss the research methodology, working methods, reporting requirements, and other project-related topics with the XCEPT programme team and other parties as appropriate.
  • Conduct thorough research, which should, as applicable, involve thorough study, the modification of technique as necessary, and the analysis and evaluation of consequences as the research develops.
  • Create a manuscript that synthesises research findings in answer to the research question(s) in the range of 5,000–7,000 words.
  • Create a briefing note (of no more than 3,000 words) for policy audiences that summaries the study’s findings and makes recommendations for programming and policy. The briefing note will receive assistance from XCEPT for peer review, editing, and typesetting.
  • Brief policymakers, take part in panel discussions, publish articles or a podcast to go along with the report’s distribution to help XCEPT policy and the general public adopt the study. XCEPT will aid authors in implementing research.


  • Projects funded under this funding opportunity are expected to: carry out original research; employ rigorous and reliable research procedures, including adherence to widely accepted ethical standards; and provide policy effect and public benefit.
  • They are interested in a variety of diverse methodological techniques, including any mix of desk-based assessments of the available evidence and analysis based on primary data collection. They also accept methods that examine a single case study or compare results across other cases. Researcher consideration of the potential advantages of utilising big data and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to improve their research is encouraged but not mandated.
  • XCEPT is equipped internally to carry out research using open-source investigations and satellite photos. Applications are encouraged, but not required, to think about how these technologies might be incorporated into their research. However, as this service is financed independently, applicants do not need to think about budgeting for it.
  • This research should assist the general welfare of society in addition to informing policy and programming officials at the national, regional, and international levels.

Geographical Area

  • The proposed research should concentrate on the prevention, stabilisation, and resolution of conflict as well as the roles that women and girls play in cross-border conflict networks. Research that evaluates pertinent policy or programme interventions, whether at the international, regional, bilateral, national, or local levels, is particularly interesting.
  • The study should concentrate on regions that are pertinent to XCEPT. These include: the Western Balkans; the Middle East; Asia, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar; Africa, particularly West Africa, the Sahel, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa; the Middle East; and the Western Balkans. The study could concentrate on a single geography or several.
  • The suggested research must show a direct connection to both women and girls and violent conflict, taking into account its transnational dimensions. As an illustration, the study might look at a specific intervention aimed at preventing and combating violent extremism (PCVE), tackling organised crime, enhancing governance, boosting stability, etc. In any case, the plan should make apparent the connection between issues affecting women and girls as well as violent conflict and its international elements.


  • Both individual researchers and/or research organisations or institutes are eligible for this funding opportunity.
  • Independently or in association with researchers or research organisations situated in the Global North, researchers and research organisations based in or from countries in the Global South are highly encouraged to submit. Applications from researchers or research organisations in the Global South—or in collaboration with them—will be given a higher rating.
  • Advanced practitioners, subject area experts, or academics working on research, policies, or programmes should apply. The typical requirement for applicants is a PhD, while other academic or professional credentials that are equal will also be taken into consideration. For instance, they urge former policymakers with years of relevant experience to apply.
  • Any research institution or organisation requesting funds must be lawfully structured or incorporated under the laws of the country in which it conducts business, and it must possess the relevant registrations, licences, or authorisations to provide the services requested.
  • Research collaboration is encouraged by XCEPT. Research proposals should take into account if bringing in scholars from various disciplinary backgrounds or forming collaborations between academics and policy experts would benefit the work.

Visit XCEPT for additional details.

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